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ABOUT CUBA
Cuba is a fascinating country which is still making history with all the colors of its people and its land. Discover Cuba’s amazing culture and charming customs and traditions. Enjoy the peace of its beaches and landscapes. Enjoy, smile, discover, feel, live!
This is authentic Cuba!

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GEOGRAPHY

The Cuban archipelago consists of the Great Island, the Isle of Youth (formerly the Isle of Pines) and about 4,195 keys, islets and adjacent isles. Located in the Caribbean Sea, close to the coasts of the United States and Mexico, it limits with the Strait of Florida to the north, the Passage of Winds to the east, the Caribbean Sea to the south and with the Gulf of Mexico to the west. It has a territorial extension of 110,860 square kilometers and some mountain ranges being the following the most outstanding ones: Guaniguanico mountain range in the western region, Guamuhaya mountain range in the central region, and Sagua-Baracoa and Sierra Maestra mountain ranges in the eastern part; the latter features the highest elevation of the country: the Turquino peak with 1974 m over the sea level. The island shows a diverse landscape ranging from semi desert to tropical humid forests. Biodiversity is high and its varied ecosystems are well preserved.

CLIMATE

Cuba features a mild subtropical climate with a predominance of warm temperatures. Two seasons are clearly distinguished: the rainy season, from May to October, and the dry season from November to April. Temperatures are rather high. Annual average values range from 24 °C in plains to 34 °C and more in the eastern coasts. Values lower than 20 °C have been reported in the highest elevations of the Sierra Maestra mountain range. The season going from November to April is cooler and known as winter, while the months between May and October are hotter and known as summer. As it is typical in the tropical climates, the daily variation of temperature is higher than the annual one. The effect of the high relative humidity gives the Cuban archipelago a very intense windchill factor during most of the year.

FLORA AND FAUNA

The Cuban fauna is very rich featuring a great population of mammals, insects and amphibious, the smallest frog of the world belongs to the latter group. There is also a rich marine fauna living in wonderful landscapes of coral reefs. The Cuban flora consists of more than 8,000 thousand species and half of them are endemic. There are about 6,500 species of seed plants, especially in forests; tropical, river and fruit plants among them.
The tocororo (Prioteluslemnurus), an autochthonous species which plumage colors resemble those of our national flag, is the national bird. The national flower is the butterfly jasmine (Hedychiumcoronarium Koenig), a white and fragrant flower symbolizing the rebelliousness and purity during our independence wars.

ECONOMY

The official currencies are the Cuban peso (CUP) and the Cuban convertible peso (CUC). The conversion rate between the CUP and the CUC is fixed at 1 CUC = 25 CUP.
The main economic lines are: tourism, cane sugar, oil, tobacco, construction, nickel, steel, cement, agriculture machinery, pharmaceutical industry.

TOURISM

Cuba is a unique destination featuring a varied and perfect composition. Cuba’s beautiful beaches, heavenly sites, captivating history, music, culture and passion are the essence of this enchantingly addictive island. A varied and excellent offer going from hotels and catering trade to entertainment, transportation and shopping centers, among others, make up the attractive proposal of this Caribbean island.

EDUCATION AND HEALTH

Cuban education is free of charge at all teaching levels and compulsory until completing the junior high school (9th grade). There are universities, schools, senior high institutes, technical schools and others in all provinces so as to guarantee an illiteracy rate of 0% as well as the elevation of our population’s educational level.
Cuba counts on a primary health care system covering the entire national territory. This system is considered as extraordinary in Latin America. Medical services are free of charge for every Cuban. There is a wide network of medical centers and many specialized institutions. About 95 % of the Cuban hotels have a physician to guarantee the primary care of potential patients and there exist international clinics for specialized follow up treatments.

USEFUL INFORMATION

Clothes to wearr
For visits and excursions our suggestions is casual clothes, shorts, T shirts, comfortable footwear, hats or sports caps to protect your skin from sun rays and don´t forget the use of protective creams.
For social and official activities you should wear the appropriate clothing following the relevant protocol rules.
Life and medical insurance
It is advisable that every tourist coming to Cuba has an insurance policy which can also be purchased through Viajes Cubanacán. Emergency medical services are free of charge, but the patient should pay for medicines or any extra service required.
Fixed and mobile telephone service
You can call from your hotel to any corner of the world according to the established rates. You can also use prepaid cards for calls. These cards can be purchased at tourism desks or at ETECSA (Cuban Telecommunications Company) sales outlets.
Power supply
The electric tension in the Cuban territory is 110 volts at 60 cycles; although many hotels are fitted with 220 volts at 60 cycles.
It is advisable to take with you all the necessary adaptors for the connection of your mobile phone or any other electrical appliance to the supply network.

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